A program to generate high-resolution climate data for climate change studies and applications in British Columbia and western North America
ClimateBC, ClimateWNA and ClimateNA utilize historical weather station data and global circulation model regional predictions to project future seasonal and annual climate variables in BC, western North America and entire North America. The programs extract and downscale PRISM (Daly et al. 2008) and ANUSPLIN (Hutchinson 1991) generated monthly data (2.5 x 2.5 arcmin) for the reference period (1961-1990), and calculate seasonal and annual climate variables for specific locations based on latitude, longitude and elevation (optional). The programs also downscale and integrates historical (1901-2013) (Mitchell and Jones 2005) and future climate data sets (2020s, 2050s and 2080s) generated by various global circulation models from IPCC AR5. The output includes both directly calculated and derived climate variables. There are 23 annual, 56 seasonal and 168 monthly climate variables. Methodologies are described in Wang et al. (2016).
The programs use a combination of bilinear interpolation and elevation adjustment to downscale the baseline climate data (1961-1990 normals) into scale-free point data. The elevation adjustment is achieved through a dynamic local regression function developed individually for each monthly climate variable in the baseline dataset. The effect of the downscaling is illustrated below:
For historical and future climate data, the downscaling is achieved through a delta approach by adding anomalies of historical years or future periods to the scale-free baseline data generated at run-time by the programs. With this approach, the errors associated with the baseline period in the historical and future climate data are substantially reduced (Wang et al. 2016).
All the programs are freely available in a stand-alone desktop version or Google Map based web-version. The desktop versions allow users to generate data for more than one location at a time, which can be done using input coordinate files for a period or a time series. The web-based versions are designed for periodic users or those with program installation restrictions on their computers.
The web-based version of Climate BC also serves as an interactive platform to visualize (and download) spatial climate data over top of ecosystem classification and forest tree species bioclimate envelopes for British Columbia.
“ClimateBC; modeling climates in BC forest ecosystems“, Forest Genetics Council Annual Report 2011-2012 (see page 14 in the PDF report).
“Climate-based seed transfer“, Forest Genetics Council Annual Report 2012-2013 (see page 15 in the PDF report).
Funding: Forest Genetics Council of BC, the BC Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations, NSERC Strategic Grant, BIOCAP Canada Foundation, NSERC Industry Chair.
The version 5 (released in Feb., 2014) was a major update from the previous version (version 4.72). The new features include: 1) new PRISM baseline data at a higher spatial resolution; 2) improved downscaling algorithms; 3) new version of historical climate data (1901-2012); 4) recently released IPCC AR5 GCM projections; and 5) monthly solar radiation data added. A summary of an evaluation of ClimateBC v500 is available to download. The major improvements in version 6 include: 1) the smoothed lapse rates removed steps in high-resolution maps, 2) the capacity to directly read DEM raster files; and 3) the options to generated climate variables in either spreadsheet or raster format.
To install this program, extract or unzip all contents (700MB) to a local folder on your machine, and double click on the executable file “ClimateBC_v6.20.exe”. The programs should run on Windows 9x/NT/2000/XP/Vista/7 without an installation on most systems. The program can run on Linux, Unix and Mac systems with the free software Wine or MacPorts/Wine. Information on climate variables and further instructions can be found in the help file.
ClimateBC spatial data source:
Spatial climate datasets for BC generated using ClimateBC for the reference normal period 1961-1990 and the future periods 2011-2040, 2041-2070 and 2071-2100 can be downloaded here. The spatial datasets are in ArcGIS raster format at the spatial resolution of 800 x 800 meter, and include three RCPs and three GCMs from the IPCC Fifth Assessment (AR5).
ClimateWNA version 6.00 (version history) was released on August 31, 2018. Click here to download the program for free. For information on installation, please refer to ClimateBC above. Information on climate variables and further instructions can be found in the help file.
Link to the web-based version of ClimateWNA.
ClimateNA version 6.00 (version history) was released on August 31, 2018. Click here to download the program for free. The program will take 1.20GB of disk space. For information on installation, please refer to ClimateBC above.
Grid data (raster files) generated using ClimateNA:
Current and projected climate data have been generated using ClimateNA for North America by Adaptwest. They are available for free at: http://adaptwest.databasin.org/pages/adaptwest-climatena