Yeaman S, Hodgins KA, Lotterhos KE, Suren H, Nadeau S, Degner JC, Nurkowski KA, Smets P, Wang T, Gray LK, Liepe KJ, Hamann A, Holliday JA, Whitlock MC, Rieseberg LH and SN Aitken. 2016. Convergent local adaptation to climate in distantly related conifers. Science 353(6306):1431-1433. [abstract] [to view pdf visit the AdapTree website]
Liepe KJ, Hamann A, Smets P, Fitzpatrick CR and Aitken SN. 2016. Adaptation of lodgepole pine and interior spruce to climate: implications for reforestation in a warming world. Evolutionary Applications 9(2): 409-419. [open access]
Hodgins, K.A., S. Yeaman, K. Nurkowski, L.H. Rieseberg and S.N. Aitken. 2016. Expression divergence is correlated with sequene evolution but not positive selection in conifers. Molecular Biology and Evolution doi: 10.1093/molbev/msw032
Liepe, K.J., A. Hamann, P. Smets, C.R. Fitzpatrick and S.N. Aitken. 2016. Adaptation of lodgepole pine and interior spruce to climate: Implications for reforestation in a warming world. Evolutionary Applications 9: 409-419. [Open access]
Potvin, C, S.N. Aitken, F. Antil, E. Bennett, F. Berkes, J. Byrne, I. Creed, A. Cunsolo Willox, A. Dale, D. de Lange, M. Entz, L. Fraser, G. Hoberg and 46 other Canadian academics. 2015. Acting on climate change: Solutions from Canadian scholars UNESCO Chair for dialogues on Sustainability, Trottier Institute for Science and Public Policy, and Sustainable Canada Dialogues.
De La Torre, A., P.K. Ingvarsson, and S.N. Aitken. 2015. Genetic architecture and genomic patterns of gene flow between hybridizing species of Picea. Heredity doi: 10.1038/hdy.2015.19 [Open access]
Hamilton J.A., A.R. De La Torre, and S.N. Aitken. 2015. Fine-scale environmental variation contributes to introgression in a three-species spruce hybrid complex. Tree Genetics and Genomes 11: 1-14.
Wang H, F. Cao, G. Li, W. Yu,and S.N. Aitken. 2015. The transcript profiles of a putative early light-induced protein (ELIP) encoding gene in Ginkgo biloba L. under various stress conditions. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 37: 1-12.
Aitken S.N. and S. Simard. 2015. Restoring forests. Alternatives Journal 41: 30-33.
Yeaman, S. K.A. Hodgins, H. Suren, K.A. Nurkowski, L.H. Rieseberg, J.A. Holliday,S.N. Aitken. 2014. Conservation and divergence of gene expression plasticity following ~140 million years of evolution in lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and interior spruce (Picea glauca x P. engelmannii). New Phytologist 203(2): 578–591. [Open access]
A.R. De La Torre, D.R. Roberts, S.N. Aitken. 2014. Genome‐wide admixture and ecological niche modeling reveal the maintenance of species boundaries despite long history of interspecific gene flow. Molecular Ecology 23 (8): 2046–2059. [Open access]
A.R. De La Torre, T. Wang, B. Jaquish, and S.N. Aitken. 2013. Adaptation and exogenous selection in a Picea glauca × Picea engelmannii hybrid zone: implications for forest management under climate change. New Phytologist 201: 687-699 [Open access]
Reid, K.E., J.A. Holliday, M. Yuen, A. Nguyen, S.N. Aitken, J. Bohlmann. 2013. Sequencing of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) cDNA libraries constructed from autumn buds and foliage reveals autumn-specific spruce transcripts. Tree Genetics and Genomes 9:683-691
Hamilton, J.A. and S.N. Aitken. 2013. Genetic and morphological structure of a spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr. x P. glauca Moensch Voss) hybrid zone along a climatic gradient. American Journal of Botany 100:1651-1662 [Open access]
Allendorf, F.W., G. Luikart and S.N. Aitken. 2013. Conservation and the genetics of populations. Second Edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
Hamann, A. and S.N. Aitken. 2013. Conservation planning under climate change: accounting for adaptive potential and migration capacity in species distribution models. Diversity and Distributions 19: 268-280.
Hamilton, J.A., C. Lexer and S.N. Aitken. 2013. Genomic and phenotypic architecture of a spruce hybrid zone (Picea sitchensis and P. glauca). Molecular Ecology 22: 827-841.
Hamilton, J.A., C. Lexer and S.N. Aitken. 2013. Differential introgression reveals candidate genes for selection across a spruce (Picea sitchensis x P. glauca) hybrid zone. New Phytologist 197: 927-938.
Sork, V.L., S.N. Aitken, R.J. Dyer, A.J. Eckert, P. Legendre, D.B. Neale. 2013. Putting the landscape into the genomics of trees: approaches for understanding local adaptation and population responses to changing climate. Tree Genetics and Genomes 9: 901-911.
Alberto, F.J., S.N. Aitken, R. Alia, S.C. Gonzalez-Martinez, H. Hanninen, A. Kremer, F. Lefevre, T. LeNormand, S. Yeaman, R. Whetten and O. Savolainen. 2013. Potential for evolutionary responses to climate change – evidence from tree populations. Global Change Biology 19:1645-1661. [Open access]
Holliday, J.A., T. Wang and S.N. Aitken. 2012. Predicting adaptive phenotypes from multilocus genotypes in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) using Random Forest G3. Genes Genomes Genetics 2: 1085-1093. [Open access]
Dauwe, R., Holliday, J.A., Aitken, S.N., Mansfield, S.D. 2012. Metabolic dynamics during autumn cold acclimation within and among phenotypically divergent populations of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis). New Phytologist. 194(1): 192-205. [Open access]
Bower, A.D., S.C. McLane, A. Eckert, S. Jorgensen, A. Schoettle and S.N. Aitken. 2011. Conservation of high elevation five-needle pines. In Kean, R.E., D.F. Tomback, M.P. Murray and C.M. Smith, eds. The future of high-elevation, five-needle white pines in Western North America: Proceedings of the High Five Symposium 28-30 June 2010, Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-63. For Collins, CO. US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 376 p. [Download PDF version from publisher]
Keir, K.R., J.B. Bemmels and S.N. Aitken. 2011. Low genetic diversity, moderate local adaptation, and phylogeographic insights in Cornus nuttallii (Cornaceae). American Journal of Botany 98: 1327-1336. [Open access]
Bower, A.D. and S.N. Aitken. 2011. Changes in genetic diversity of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) associated with inbreeding and white pine blister rust. Silvae Genetica 60: 113-123.
Holliday, J.A., M. Yuen, K.Ritland and S.N. Aitken. 2010. Postglacial history of a widespread conifer produces inverse clines in selective neutrality tests. Molecular Ecology 18: 3857-3864. [Open access]
Holliday, J.A., K. Ritland and S.N. Aitken. 2010. Widespread ecologically-relevant genetic markers developed from association mapping of climate-related traits in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis). New Phytologist 188: 501-514. [Open access]
Wang, T., G.A. O’Neill and S.N. Aitken. 2010. Integrating environmental and genetic effects to predict responses of tree populations to climate. Ecological Applications 20: 153-163.
Chourmouzis C, A. Hamann, A.D. Yanchuk, P. Smets and S.N. Aitken. 2009. Forest Tree Genetic Conservation Status Report 1: In Situ Conservation Status of All Indigenous B.C. Species. Centre for Forest Conservation Genetics, Forest Genetics Council of BC, and BC Ministry of Forests and Range, Forest Science Program, Victoria, BC. Technical Report Technical Report 053. www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Tr/Tr053.htmTechnical Report.
Krakowski J, C. Chourmouzis, A.D. Yanchuk, D. Kolotelo, A. Hamann, and S.N. Aitken. 2009. Forest Tree Genetic Conservation Status Report 2: genetic conservation status of operational tree species. Centre for Forest Conservation Genetics, Forest Genetics Council of British Columbia, and B.C. Min. For. Range, For. Sci. Prog. Victoria, B.C. Tech. Rep. 054. www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/pubs/Docs/Tr/Tr054.htm
Holliday J.A., Ralph S., White R., Bohlmann J. and Aitken, S.N. 2008. Global monitoring of gene expression during autumn cold acclimation among rangewide populations of Sitka spruce [Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.] New Phytologist 178: 103-122.
Ukrainetz, N. K., Kang, K.-Y., Aitken, S.N., Stoehr, M., Mansfield, S.D. 2008. Heritability, phenotypic and genetic correlations of coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) wood quality traits. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 38:1536-1546.
Aitken, S.N., S. Yeaman, J. A. Holliday, T. Wang, and S. Curtis-McLane. 2008. Adaptation, migration or extirpation: climate change outcomes for tree populations. Evolutionary Applications 1(1): 95-111.
Mimura, M. and S.N. Aitken. 2007. Adaptive gradients and isolation by distance with postglacial migration in Picea sitchensis. Heredity 99:224-232.
Mimura, M. and S.N. Aitken. 2007. Increased selfing and decreased effective pollen donor number in peripheral relative to central populations in Picea sitchensis (Pinaceae). American Journal of Botany, 94:991-998.
Gapare, W.J., A. Yanchuk, and S.N. Aitken. 2007. Optimal sampling strategies for capture of genetic diversity differ between core and peripheral populations of Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. Conservation Genetics. Published online DOI 10.1007/s10592-007-9353-8.
Hamann, A., P. Smets, S.N. Aitken and A.D. Yanchuk. 2005. An ecogeographic framework for in situ conservation of forest trees in British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 35:2553-2561. (“Supplementary Data” for this publication).
Krakowski, J., A. Benowicz, J.H. Russell and Y.A. El-Kassaby. 2005. Effects of serial propagation, donor age and genotype on Chamaecyparis nootkatensis physiology and growth traits. Can. J. For. Res. 35:623-632.
Wheeler, N.C., K.D. Jermstad, K.V. Krutovsky, S.N. Aitken, G.T. Howe, J. Krakowski and D.B. Neale. 2005. Mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling adaptive traits in coastal Douglas-fir. IV. Cold hardiness QTL verification and candidate gene mapping. Molecular Breeding 15: 145-156.
Aitken, S.N. 2004. Genecology and adaptation of forest trees. Article 86 in Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences., Elsevier
Bennuah, S.Y., T. Wang and S.N. Aitken. 2004. Genetic analysis of the Picea sitchensis x glauca introgression zone in British Columbia Forest Ecology and Management. Forest Ecology and Management 197: 65-77.
Wellman, H., C. Ritland and K. Ritland. 2004. Genetic effects of domestication in western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla. Forest Genetics 10: 229-240.
Howe, G.T., S.N. Aitken, D.B. Neale, K.D. Jermstad, N.C. Wheeler and T.H.H. Chen. 2003. From genotype to phenotype: Unraveling the complexities of cold adaptation in forest trees. Can. J. Bot. 81: 1247-1266.
Krakowski, J., S.N. Aitken and Y. El-Kassaby. 2003. Inbreeding and conservation genetics in whitebark pine. Conservation Genetics 4: 581-593. DOI 10.1023/A:1025667700479
Wang, T.L., S.N. Aitken and K.L. Kavanagh. 2003. Selection for improved growth and wood quality in lodgepole pine: effects on phenology, hydraulic architecture and growth of seedlings. Trees Structure and Function 17:269-277.
Anekonda, T.S., C. Lomax, W.T. Adams, K. L. Kavanagh and S.N. Aitken. 2002. Genetic variation in drought hardiness of coastal Douglas-fir seedlings from British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 1701-1716.
Gapare, W. J. and S. N. Aitken. 2002. Sampling strategies for capture of diversity and conservation of rare alleles. In: Proceedings of the Canadian Tree Improvement Association, Poplar Council of Canada, and the Western Forest Genetics Association, “Integrating Tree Improvement with Sustainable Forest Management Practice” University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada, July 22-25, 2002.
O’Neill, G.A., S.N. Aitken, J.N. King and R. Alfaro. 2002. Geographic variation in resin canal defenses in seedlings from the Sitka x white spruce introgression zone. Can. J. For. Res. 32: 390-400.
Woods, J., Wang, T. and Aitken, S.N. 2002. Effects of inbreeding on coastal Douglas-fir: nursery performance. Silvae Genetica 51(4): 163-170.
Adams, W.T., S.N. Aitken, D.G. Joyce, G.T. Howe and J. Vargas-Hernandez. 2001. Evaluating efficacy of early testing for stem growth in coastal Douglas-fir. Silvae Genetica 50(3-4): 167-175.
Aitken, S.N. and M. Hannerz. 2001. Genecology and gene resource management strategies for conifer cold hardiness. Chapter 2 in “Conifer Cold Hardiness”, F. Bigras and S. Columbo, Eds. Kluwer Academic Press, NY.
Chuine, I., S.N. Aitken and C. Ying. 2001. Temperature-dependent growth in provenances of Pinus contorta. Can. J. For. Res. 31(8):1444-1455
Gapare, W. J., Hodge, G. R., & Dvorak, W. S. 2001. Genetic Parameters and Provenance Variation of Pinus maximinoi in Brazil, Colombia and South Africa. Forest Genetics 8(2): 159-170.
Hannerz, M., S.N. Aitken, T. Ericsson and C. C. Ying. 2001. Variation in strobili production within and among provenances of lodgepole pine. Forest Genetics 8(4):325-331.
Jermstad, K.D., D.L. Bassoni, N.C. Wheeler, T.S. Anekonda, S.N. Aitken, W.T. Adams and D.B. Neale. 2001. Mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling adaptive traits in coastal Douglas-fir: II. Spring and fall cold-hardiness. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 102: 1142-1151.
O’Neill, G.A., W.T. Adams and S.N. Aitken. 2001. Quantitative genetics of spring and fall cold hardiness in seedlings from two Oregon populations of coastal Douglas-fir. For. Ecol. and Mgmt. 149: 305-318.
Wang, T. and S.N. Aitken. 2001. Selection for improved growth and wood quality in lodgepole pine: effects on xylem anatomy of tree stems. Can. J. For. Res. 31: 2049-2057.
Anekonda, T.S., W.T. Adams, and S.N. Aitken. 2000. Cold hardiness testing for Douglas-fir tree improvement programs: Guidelines for a simple, robust, and inexpensive screening method. West. J. Appl. For. 15(3):129-136.
Anekonda, T.S., W.T. Adams, S.N. Aitken, D.B. Neale, K. D. Jermstad, N.C. Wheeler et al. 2000. Genetics of cold hardiness in a cloned full-sib family of coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco). Can. J. For. Res. 30(5): 837-840.
Dvorak, W.S., Gutierrez, E. A., and Gapare, W. J. 2000. Pinus maximinoi. In: Conservation and Testing of Tropical and subtropical Species by the CAMCORE Cooperative. pp: 107-127.
Gapare, W. J. 2000. Predicted and Realised Genetic Gain in Eucalyptus grandis breeding seedling orchard in Zimbabwe. Southern African Forestry Journal 189: 11-16.
Gapare, W. J. 2000. Growth and Productivity Performance of some Provenances of Pinus maximinoi H.E. Moore in Brazil, Colombia and South Africa. In: Proceedings “Forest Genetics for the next Millenium” IUFRO Working Party 2.08.01, Durban, South Africa, 8-13 October 2000.
Hamann A. 2000. Utilization and management of red alder genetic resources in British Columbia. For. Chr.
Hamann, A. 2000. Fruiting and flowering phenology of a Philippine submontane rainforest: Climatic factors as proximate and ultimate causes. J. Ecol.
Hamann, A. 2000. The North Negros Forest Reserve: A biodiversity hotspot at risk. Canopy Int.
Hamann, A., Koshy, M., and Namkoong, G. 2000. A multiple population breeding strategy for uncertain climatic futures: a case study with red alder. Paper presented at IUFRO conference: Genetic response of forest systems to changing environmental conditions. University of Munich, Freising, Germany, September 12-17, 1999.
Hamann, A., Koshy, M., and Namkoong, G. 2000. Improving estimates of breeding values by removing spatially autocorrelated error variation in field experiments. For. Sci.
Hamann, A., Koshy, M., Namkoong, G. and Ying C. C. 2000. Genotype × environment interactions in Alnus rubra Bong.: developing seed zones and seedtransfer guidelines with spatial statistics and GIS. For. Ecol. Manage. 136 107-119.
Kavanagh, K.L., B.J. Yoder, S.N. Aitken, B.L. Gartner and S.A. Knowe. 1999. Vulnerability to xylem cavitation in Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii and var. glauca. Tree Physiology 19:31-37.
Namkoong, G., M. Koshy and S.N. Aitken. 2000. Selection. In: “Forest Conservation Genetics: Principles and Practice”, Boyle, T.J.B., Young, A., and Boshier, D. (eds), CSIRO, Canberra, Australia. Pp. 101-111.
O’Neill, G.A., S.N. Aitken and W.T. Adams. 2000. Genetic selection for cold hardiness in coastal Douglas-fir seedlings and saplings. Can. J. For. Res. 30: 1799-1807.
Wang, T., S.N. Aitken, P. Rozenberg and F. Millier. 2000. Selection for improved growth and wood density in lodgepole pine: Effects on radial patterns of wood formation. Wood and Fiber Science. 32(4): 391-403.
Aitken, S.N. 1999. Conserving adaptive variation in forest ecosystems. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 8(7/8): 1-10.
Balduman, L.M., S.N. Aitken, M. Harmon and W.T. Adams. 1999. Genetic variation in cold hardiness of Douglas-fir in relation to parent-tree environment. Can. J. For. Res. 29(1):62-72.
Hannerz, M., S.N. Aitken, J.N. King and S. Budge. 1999. Effects of genetic selection for growth on frost hardiness in western hemlock. Can. J. For. Res. 29(4):509-516.
Hamann, A. and Curio, C. 1999. Interactions between frugivores and fleshy fruit trees in a Philippine submontane rainforest. Cons. Biol. 13: 766-773.
Hamann, A., Barbon, Curio, E., and Madulid, D. A. 1999. A botanical inventory of a submontane rainforest on Negros island, Philippines. Biodiv. Cons. 8: 1017-1031.
Wang, T., S.N. Aitken, P. Rozenberg and M.R. Carlson. 1999. Selection for height growth and Pilodyn pin penetration in lodgepole pine: effects on growth traits, wood properties, and their relationships. Can. J. For. Res. 29(4):434-445.
Anekonda, T.S., W.T. Adams and S.N. Aitken. 1998. Influence of second flushing on genetic assessment of cold hardiness in coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco). Forest Ecology and Management 4440: 1-8.
Hamann, A. 1998. Adventitious root formation in cuttings of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.): developmental sequence and effects of maturation. Trees 12: 175-180.
Hamann, A., E1-Kassaby, Y., Koshy, M., and Namkoong, G. 1998. Multivariate analysis of allozymic and quantitative trait variation in red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.): geographic patterns and evolutionary implications. Can. J. For. Res. 10: 1557-1565.
Aitken, S.N. and W.T. Adams. 1997. Spring cold hardiness is under strong genetic control in Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii. Can. J. For. Res. 27(11):1773-1780.
Curio, E., Hamann, A., and Lastimoza, L. 1997. The appearance and status of the Writhed-billed Hornbill (Aceros waldeni). OBC Bulletin 23: 18-21.
Schermann, N., W.T. Adams, S.N. Aitken and J.-C. Bastien. 1997. Genetic parameters of stem form traits in a 9-year-old coastal Douglas-fir progeny test. Silvae Genetica 46(2-3): 166-170.
Aitken, S. N., W. T. Adams, N. Schermann and L. H. Fuchigami. 1996. Family variation for fall cold hardiness in two Washington populations of coastal Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii (Mirb.) Franco). Forest Ecology and Management 80: 187-195.
Aitken, S. N. and W. T. Adams. 1996. Genetics of fall cold hardiness in coastal Douglas-fir in Oregon. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26:1828-1837.
Curio, E., Hamann, A., Heubuschl, P. and Lastimoza, L. 1996. Hornbill research and conservation in the Philippines. EEP Hornbill TAG Newsletter 2: 26-27.
Aitken, S. N. and W. T. Adams. 1995. Impacts of genetic selection for height growth on annual developmental cycle traits in coastal Douglas-fir. P. AD-1 In ‘Evolution of breeding strategies for conifers from the Pacific Northwest. Proc., IUFRO Conference, 31 July – 4 Aug. Limoges, France.
Aitken, S. N. and W. T. Adams. 1995. Screening for cold hardiness in coastal Douglas-fir. In Eucalypt Plantations: Improving Fiber Yield and Quality (eds.) B. M. Potts, N. M. G. Borralho, J. B. Reid, R. N. Cromer, W. N. Tibbits and C. A. Raymond. Pp. 321-324. Proc. CRC-IUFRO Conf., (Hobart, Australia).
Aitken, S. N., K. L. Kavanagh and B. J. Yoder. 1995. Genetic variation in seedling water-use efficiency as estimated by carbon isotope ratios and its relationship to sapling growth in Douglas-fir. Forest Genetics 2 (4): 199-206.
Aitken, S. N., and W. J. Libby. 1994. Evolution of the pygmy-forest edaphic subspecies of Pinus contorta across an ecological staircase. Evolution 48 (4): 1009-1019.
"Loss of biodiversity is among the greatest problems facing the world today. Conservation and the Genetics of Populations gives a comprehensive overview of the essential background, concepts, and tools needed to understand how genetic information can be used to conserve species ....." John Wiley & Sons